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Help SOS NVQ3 unit 331 Assignment 2 AC3.3

Ok first time i have used this. I am finding the last bit a pain. I had to write about two of the disabilities in the introduction and have chosen giftedness as my second choice but i am stuck. Please read and point me in the right direction.

UNIT 331

Show an understanding of how disability may affect development

Assignment 2
Assessment Criteria 3.3

There are many disabilities that can effect development Such as a physical impairment, sensory impairment, speech and or language difficulty, learning difficulty, medical conditions, emotional and behavioural difficulty or giftedness. I will explain about a two of these in depth.

Physical impairment

There are many physical impairments which can effect development and can be broken down to visual impairment, hearing impairment and mobility impairment. A physical disability is usually the result of a condition affecting mobility or upper limb disorders or motor co-ordination in terms of fine and gross motor skills, which has an impact on lifestyle, movement and independence. For some children with physical disabilities, potential barriers to learning and participation may need to be identified and additional arrangements and support will be needed to overcome these.

Physical disabilities can effect many areas of development such as:

Physical development - fine and gross motor skills could be effected, they may not be able to write, paint, use cutting tools or play with toys, they would not have that hands on approach. Their growth could suffer and they may not be able to join in and free play with others or join in with curriculum based lessons such as P.E.

Communication, language and literacy development - Visually impaired children cannot look upon the faces of others to see how a sound might be produced, but must rely solely upon their abilities to hear the sounds in question and determine how that sound would be produced. This makes the task of imitating significantly more difficult. Blind children cannot acquire vocabulary as quickly as sighted children because of their inability to see objects or images. Sighted children commonly learn words by observing objects around them and then connecting those objects with a word. Because blind children cannot see these objects, they can not acquire vocabulary in this same manner. They can have delayed speech, language and communication skills . Hearing impaired children can develop more slowly in vocabulary. For example their sentence structures are shorter and simpler, they have difficulty understanding words which can lead to misuse of verbs and other complex writing, they may not be able to hear speech sounds correctly, therefore speech may be difficult to understand.

Personal, social and emotional development - Children with any disability can often feel isolated, without friends, and unhappy in school, particularly when socialisation with other children is limited. They may be bullied by their peers for the disability they have which can cause low self esteem, anxiety, anger, aggression, sadness fear, depression, loss of self worth, value and direction in life effecting learning and development.

Creative development - Children with any of the above disabilities may not be able to respond in a variety of ways to what they see, hear, smell, touch and feel or express and communicate their ideas, thoughts and feelings. May not be able to use suitable tools, role-play and use their imagination or explore colour, texture or shape. As you can see many area's of development are effected and schools and outside agencies have to put in place help and support for each child to reach their full potential academically and developmentally no matter what disability they have.

'Gifted' is a term used in schools to describe children who have the potential to develop significantly beyond what is expected for their age.
'Gifted' refers to a child who has abilities in one or more academic subjects, such as English or Maths. It can also refer to a child who has skills in a practical area such as music, sport or art. Gifted children have special learning needs and can effect every day life in school. If their needs are not met it can effect many areas of development such as:

Personal, social and emotional development - If the child's needs are not met then it could lead to frustration, a loss of self-esteem, boredom, laziness and underachievement. If the gifted child is not recognized, he or she quickly becomes bored and disinterested with others and lessons. They quickly surpass their non-gifted classmates and become accustomed to a relaxed approach to learning, this can also make them arrogant and have a feeling of being above the rest. But it could go the other way the gifted child may not want to be or feel different to their peers and could shy away form other and or try to hide their giftedness which could cause

Communication and language development - Communication and language between the gifted child and their peers can become less due to others thinking the gifted child is different or perhaps the teachers pet. The gifted child may feel that they are above others and therefore shy away from children their own age
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