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Explain the reasons why children and young people’s development may not follow the expected pattern.
Development may not follow the expected pattern for a number of reasons.
these may include a physical or learning disability. Children with a learning disability may not be capable of holding their attention for a long period of time or pay close attention in class. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence, disorders are caused by a difference in how information is received, processed and communicated in the brain.
A child/young/person with a physical disability may include; functional, gross and fine motor skills. They may suffer a hearing or visual impairment which may impact on their ability to walk, play or learn. All of these may affect their confidence as well as challenge social skills.
the environment in which a child is surrounded by may affect their development. A child living in an area of high unemployment and crime may not have the same opportunities as a child living in an affluent area. Single parents on low incomes may not be able to give their child as much as a child who has parents earning a high income. A child living in poverty may be living in a home which is not properly maintained, causing health problems such as bronchitis and asthma. This will cause a child to be absent from school and affect his social and intellectual development.
how a child/young person feels emotionally is an influential factor in their development. A child who is shown no love, support or subjected to abuse at home may suffer from low self esteem or have little or no value in themselves. Children who witness domestic violence are more likely to have behavioural problems which could lead to a negative impact on their development.
if a child/young person speaks a different language at home from the one being taught at school, he/she could find learning a little more challenging e.g. A child who has moved from a different country and who does not know English. This will be harder for these children to communicate with other students or the teacher; therefore this will be frustrating for the child and affect his development.
a child/young person who is witnessing this at home may find it hard to communicate or become withdrawn. Other children may react differently and their behaviour may become a concern. Younger children may express their hurt by bed wetting or have problems at school. Older children symptoms may include vandalism, drug or alcohol abuse and eating disorders. They may also try to block out the abuse that they are witnessing or blame themselves for what is happening. All of these will affect how their development may not follow the expected pattern