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Old 02-08-2012, 11:57 AM
blemblem007 blemblem007 is offline
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Default social and medical model of disability - help please

Question - explain how the social model of disability could impact upon practice within setting.

Question - explain how the medical model of disability could impact upon practice within setting.

Really appreicate anyone's help on these questions.

Many thanks

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Old 02-08-2012, 04:35 PM
wendy bob wendy bob is offline
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you will find information on both of these on the internet, let me know if you struggle and will help you x
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Old 02-08-2012, 08:05 PM
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spelky~brooks spelky~brooks is offline
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Hope this helps a little.
The social model of disability.

In the 1970s and 1980s a civil rights based approach was developed by disabled people. They rejected the fact that the problem lay with the individual disabled person but with society itself and the way it was run and organised:
Buildings were built in such a way that there was no access for wheelchairs.
Information was produced in a way that disabled people could not use.
Attitudes and stereotypes about a disabled person prohibited a disabled person from having the same opportunities as an able bodied person.
Special services were created that kept disabled people segregated and cut off from everybody.
Equality could then be achieved by:
Constructing accessible buildings.
Producing information in different ways.
Challenging stereotypes.
Ending services that were segregated.
A disabled person having full civil rights under law.

The medical model of disability.

Under this model a disabled person was defined by their illness or medical condition. If they did not fit into society then they were institutionalised or kept isolated at home. A disabled person had no options over:
What school they attended.
What support they received.
If they were allowed to work or not.
What kind of work they could do.

Building designs were not accessible for wheelchairs therefore hindered aspects of social interaction, i.e. work, entertainment, school, transport, higher education and family
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