Hope this helps a little.
The social model of disability.
In the 1970’s and 1980’s a civil rights based approach was developed by disabled people. They rejected the fact that the problem lay with the individual disabled person but with society itself and the way it was run and organised:
• Buildings were built in such a way that there was no access for wheelchairs.
• Information was produced in a way that disabled people could not use.
• Attitudes and stereotypes about a disabled person prohibited a disabled person from having the same opportunities as an able bodied person.
• Special services were created that kept disabled people segregated and cut off from everybody.
Equality could then be achieved by:
• Constructing accessible buildings.
• Producing information in different ways.
• Challenging stereotypes.
• Ending services that were segregated.
• A disabled person having full civil rights under law.
The medical model of disability.
Under this model a disabled person was defined by their illness or medical condition. If they did not fit into society then they were institutionalised or kept isolated at home. A disabled person had no options over:
• What school they attended.
• What support they received.
• If they were allowed to work or not.
• What kind of work they could do.
Building designs were not accessible for wheelchairs therefore hindered aspects of social interaction, i.e. work, entertainment, school, transport, higher education and family